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Authors:

A. McIntyre
Frédéric Kaplan
J. Van Looveren
Luc Steels

Journal:

The Transition to Language

Publisher:

Oxford University Press

Pages:

252–271
Crucial factors in the origins of word-meaning

Abstract

We have been conducting large-scale public experiments with artificial robotic agents to explore what the necessary and sufficient prerequisites are for word-meaning pairs to evolve autonomously in a population of agents through a self-organized process. We focus not so much on the question of why language has evolved but rather on how. Our hypothesis is that when agents engage in particular interactive behaviors which in turn require specific cognitive structures, they automatically arrive at a language system. We study this topic by performing experiments based on artificial systems. One such experiment, known as the Talking Heads Experiment, employs a set of visually grounded autonomous robots into which agents can install themselves to play language games with each other.