@article{biazzo2019general, author = {Biazzo, Indaco and Monechi, Bernardo and Loreto, Vittorio},journal = {Royal Society open science},number = {8},pages = {190979},publisher = {The Royal Society},title = {General scores for accessibility and inequality measures in urban areas},volume = {6},year = {2019},abstract = {

In the last decades, the acceleration of urban growth has led to an unprecedented level of urban interactions and interdependence. This situation calls for a significant effort among the scientific community to come up with engaging and meaningful visualizations and accessible scenario simulation engines. The present paper gives a contribution in this direction by providing general methods to evaluate accessibility in cities based on public transportation data. Through the notion of isochrones, the accessibility quantities proposed measure the performance of transport systems at connecting places and people in urban systems. Then we introduce scores ranking cities according to their overall accessibility. We highlight significant inequalities in the distribution of these measures across the population, which are found to be strikingly similar across various urban environments. Our results are released through the interactive platform: www.citychrone.org, aimed at providing the community at large with a useful tool for awareness and decision-making.