@ARTICLE { vantrijp:14a, author = {van Trijp, Remi},journal = {Language and Cognition},note = {Language},number = {02},pages = {242--270},publisher = {Cambridge University Press},title = {Long-Distance Dependencies Without Filler-Gaps: A Cognitive-Functional Alternative in Fluid Construction Grammar},type = {ARTICLE},volume = {6},year = {2014},url = {https://doi.org/10.1017/langcog.2014.8},abstract = {Long-distance dependencies are notoriously diffi cult to analyze in a formally explicit way because they involve constituents that seem to have been extracted from their canonical position in an utterance. The most widespread solution is to identify a GAP at an EXTRACTION SITE and to communicate information about that gap to its FILLER, as in What_FILLER did you see_GAP? This paper rejects the filler?gap solution and proposes a cognitive-functional alternative in which long-distance dependencies spontaneously emerge as a side eff ect of how grammatical constructions interact with each other for expressing diff erent conceptualizations. The proposal is supported by a computational implementation in Fluid Construction Grammar that works for both parsing and production.}}