Multi-Level Selection in the Emergence of Language Systematicity

Language can be viewed as a complex adaptive system which is continuously shaped and reshaped by the actions of its users as they try to solve communicative problems. To maintain coherence in the overall system, different language elements (sounds, words, grammatical constructions) compete with each other for global acceptance. This paper examines what happens when […]

Non-equilibrium phase transition in negotiation dynamics

We introduce a model of negotiation dynamics whose aim is that of mimicking the mechanisms leading to opinion and convention formation in a population of individuals. The negotiation process, as opposed to “herdinglike” or “bounded confidence” driven processes, is based on a microscopic dynamics where memory and feedback play a central role. Our model displays […]

The role of topology on the dynamics of the Naming Game

The Naming Game captures the essential features leading a population to agree on the use of a semiotic convention (or, more in general, an opinion). Consensus emerges through local negotiations between pairs of agents, in the absence of any central co-ordination. Thus, it is natural that topology, identifying the set of possible interactions, plays a […]

Social Dynamics: Emergence of Language

Our social behaviour has evolved primarily through contact with a limited number of other individuals. Yet as a species we exhibit uniformities on a global scale. This kind of emergent behaviour is familiar territory for statistical physicists.